Drones are becoming increasingly popular as leisure and business gadgets. They are being utilized to move items and for monitoring in a variety of sectors.
The issue of security is becoming increasingly essential as the number of drones in the sky grows. Aside from privacy concerns, a rogue drone has the potential to cause harm to both persons and property if directed against them. Is it possible to hack drones? And, if they are, how would a hacker go about doing it?
Is it possible to hack a drone?
Drones are similar to computers, and as a result, they might be targeted by hackers. Radio waves are also used to operate drones. This implies that a prospective attacker wouldn’t even require physical access to take control of the drone.
Drones are outfitted with security mechanisms, and it is unlikely that they will be hacked on a regular basis. However, they may be hacked, and anyone who uses a drone should be aware of this.
How Can a Drone Be Hacked?
By intercepting the transmission between the drone and the person operating it, a drone may be hacked. This is impossible if the transmission is encrypted, however many drones communicate in an unencrypted manner.
A hacker can employ a packet sniffer to figure out how communication is taking place. After that, the attacker may pose as the drone operator and start giving orders.
This is frequently accomplished using GPS spoofing. This entails giving the drone erroneous coordinates. The drone can then be persuaded to fly to the attacker’s preferred spot.
It’s worth emphasizing that all of this implies the prospective drone hacker has a certain degree of experience. A signal jammer may be used to easily wreck a drone if an attacker simply intends to crash it.
Many drones will crash as a consequence of a signal jammer preventing the drone controller from connecting with the drone.
Why Would Someone Hack a Drone?
Hacking a drone may happen for a variety of reasons. Someone may just wish to wreck it in some cases. The attacker may object to what the drone is doing; in other circumstances, the attacker may decide to crash the drone just to check if it is feasible.
A more experienced hacker would try to steal the drone physically. They may simply tell it to land close to them after gaining access to the controls. When more drones are utilized as delivery vehicles, this may become more prevalent.
A drone’s data can also be stolen by hacking into it. The attacker may be able to view the camera stream or download any contents on the device.
How to Keep Your Drone Safe From Hackers
If you possess a drone, you may take a number of steps to prevent it from being hacked. We’ve compiled a list of possibilities for you below.
1. Keep your controller safe.
It’s critical to safeguard the gadget that controls your drone if you’re serious about keeping it safe. Your drone is at risk if that device becomes infected with malware. Using a dedicated device for your drone is one solution.
Another alternative is to be extremely cautious about what you download into your phone or computer and to use a trustworthy antivirus application.
2. Make sure your drone’s software is up to date.
If your drone’s maker offers software upgrades, make sure you install them as soon as possible. Fixes for suspected security flaws are frequently included in these upgrades.
3. Install anti-virus software
Depending on the sort of drone you have, you might be able to install software that makes it more difficult to hack. In various sectors, the threat of hacking is serious, and several devices have been produced to guard against it.
4. Keep an eye on your surroundings when flying.
A drone’s transmission may be picked up from up to a mile distant. As a result, flying in metropolitan areas dramatically increases the number of persons who may attempt to seize control of the aircraft. Some folks also advise against flying the same route over and over again.
5. Return to Home should be implemented.
Return to Home is a capability that most drones have. If you set this on, your drone will automatically return to a particular address if it loses signal or runs out of battery. This function was introduced since drones frequently lose signal by mistake, but it also provides essential signal jamming defense.
6. Can Military Drones Be Hacked?
Military drones have far greater security than commercial drones, but that does not imply they can’t be hacked. According to the BBC, a US military drone was purportedly hacked in Iran in 2011. The assailants allegedly fooled the drone into believing it was someplace else before landing it in Iranian territory.
According to the Guardian, a US military drone was also hacked in Iraq in 2009 for the goal of accessing surveillance recordings.
Hackers are also known to use drones.
Drones are frequently targeted by hackers, although they may also be utilized by hackers as tools. Many attacks need the hacker being within a particular range of the victim. And a drone may be the perfect tool for the job.
Unsecured networks may be found using a drone. If it detects one, a hacker may be able to get access to private information or install malware.
A drone may also be used to deliver a Raspberry Pi to a secure area, such as a building’s roof. After then, the device might be used to set up a malicious Wi-Fi hotspot.
It’s also worth mentioning that defending against this threat is quite tough. It is unlawful to fire down a drone in the United States, regardless of where it is flying.
Most drones have the potential to be hacked; take precautions.
You may not have considered the possibility of a hacked drone, but it is a possibility. They’re subject to theft if they’re hacked, and they might be used as weapons in some situations. If you own a drone, you should be aware of this and take actions to prevent it from happening.
Drones are still mostly used for good, but if you observe one acting strangely, it’s possible that it’s being controlled by a hacker. As a result, security personnel should keep an eye out for drones hovering over their properties.